Thursday, February 25, 2016

Received a Copyright Infringement Notice? Here are Some Tips!

Some libraries have received copyright infringement notices. These notices, sent to the library by an attorney on behalf of their client, informs the library that it has been connected to someone who has illegally accessed and/or shared copyright material online. Receiving notices from law firms can be unnerving, especially when asked to provide a settlement fee or risk going to court.

Copyright symbol C
Copyright Symbol. Image courtesy of Wees
However, a provision in the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) of 1998 amends the U.S. copyright law Section 512, "limitation on liability relating to material online." This provision protects online service provider (OSP) from liability from third party infringement. Since the library usually gets its online internet service from a cable or telecommunications company, libraries fall under the OSP umbrella. In addition to this, Carrie Russell of the American Library Association (ALA) - Office for Information Technology Policy (OITP) wrote, "The OSP will not be held liable for monetary relief, injunctive relief or infringement of copyright if when contacted by a rights holder who claims that infringing material is found on the OSP's network..." Russell goes on to share three steps that a library should take to handle these notices:
  1. Establish an Interim Designation Agent (IDA) who receives and documents the notices. The library needs to provide the name, address, phone number, fax number, and email address of the agent on a publicly accessible place on its website. Also, the library must provide this information to the U.S. Copyright Office. A form is available online, and a fee of $105.00 is due when the form is submitted. More information about the form and program can be found on the Copyright Office webpage.  
  2. Document notices as they come in (responsibility of the IDA).
  3. Remove alleged content at the request of a rights holder when it can be found
  4. Place signs near the public computer terminals about copyright law similar to notices that you place in front of photocopiers. It can simply state, "Using library computers and network to copy and distribute copyright protected works may be an infringement of the copyright law (Title 17 of the U.S. Code)."
Carrie Russell also notes that libraries do not have to block file sharing protocols, even at the request of their OSP. These protocols are used for non-infringing purposes, so blocking the site based on a single or even multiple cases is not recommended. 
If you have any questions regarding what your library should do when receiving a copyright infringement notice, contact Ryan Claringbole at Carrie Russell of ALA OITP can be reached at

Written by:
Ryan Claringbole, Public Library Development Team

Tuesday, February 23, 2016

Organize a Student Job Fair: The Basics!

Job Fair Poster - Courtesy McMillan Memorial Library
Job Fair Poster
Courtesy McMillan Memorial Library
Guest post by Jennifer Bahnaman, Youth Services Librarian, McMillan Memorial Library in Wisconsin Rapids.  Jennifer shares her experience developing the Student Job Fair project at McMillan Memorial Library. 

This will be the fourth year the McMillan Memorial Library has offered the Student Job Fair in Wisconsin Rapids. The goal of our Student Job Fair is to help high school and college students find year-round jobs, seasonal positions and internships. Our library has been collaborating with the Boys & Girls Club, Incourage Community Foundation, and the Job Center to organize this event. In the past three years we have connected 600 students with local area businesses. What has made this program work so well, are the strong community partners that have worked very hard to make this a success. The Wisconsin Rapids Schools have also been a big proponent for promoting and supporting the Student Job Fair. The success is also a result of the supportive local businesses that have been participating each year.

This year’s event is happening on Monday, March 14, from 4 to 7 p.m. at the Boys & Girls Club of Wisconsin Rapids. March is a great time for a Student Job Fair. The event has been scheduled before spring break, and it’s early enough in the season for businesses, like the City Parks and Rec Department and the Wisconsin Rapids Rafters (collegiate summer baseball team), who are looking to fill summer positions. 

For location, the first year we held the event at the library in our largest meeting room with overflow into our commons area. We outgrew the program in the first year with 200 in attendance. Fortunately, our local Boys & Girls Club has a gym where we now hold the event.

Our budget is between $1,500-$2,000, with $500 donated from each sponsoring organization. The budget covers furniture rentals (chairs, tables), marketing costs (newspaper, flyer printing, banners, radio), as well as raffle prizes for the day of the event. The budget is something you can work with and make it affordable for your library or community organization. The first year our primary costs were flyer printing, a newspaper ad, and a gift card for a raffle prize.

Each year the number of participating businesses has grown. This year we will be at 40 businesses, all offering different opportunities. We work with the Chamber to recruit businesses. We also make many phone calls to connect with employers and encourage their participation in the event. It’s a unique opportunity for local businesses to support the youth in our community and to find a great pool of applicants all in one place.

To share the excitement, please watch this YouTube Video on the Job Fair!

The first year may seem to be the hardest year to recruit businesses and to sell the event to the community. As you promote and network each year, your community support will grow. You will be surprised by those who will reach out to you because they want to be involved. It may seem to be a daunting endeavor, but do not let it stop you. This is an event that can be organized at any level. I’ve also suggested for those communities where a Student Job Fair may not be the right choice, a Volunteer Fair may be a better option. This also gives students the opportunity to build experience and references, which will certainly help them when they’re ready to fill out job applications.

Please let me know if you would like to know more information, I would be happy to share with you. 
My email at McMillan Memorial Library is, and my office number is 715-422-5140.

Contributed by Jennifer Bahnaman, Youth Services Librarian, McMillan Memorial Library in Wisconsin Rapids

Thursday, February 18, 2016

Please Share Feedback About WI Libraries Blog!

It’s been a little over a year since the WI Libraries For Everyone blog was launched. Replacing Channel Weekly, the blog is the communication channel for the Division for Libraries and Technology on news pertaining to libraries. There have been posts on topics such as E-rate, LSTA, BadgerLearn Pro, partnership between public and school librarians, as well as many other topics.

The Division would like to get your feedback on the Wisconsin Libraries for Everyone blog, asking if there are other topics you would like covered, where you access the posts from, frequency of postings, etc. Please take a minute to fill out this very short survey:

The feedback gathered in this survey will help us continue to provide the information in a way that benefits you the most.  Thank you for your help!

Written by:
Ryan Claringbole, Public Library Development Team

Being Frugal Makes Sense

Guest post by Marcia Dressel, Osceola School District

In my personal life, being frugal is a life choice. Working in a school library, being frugal makes sense. It is less risky to explore free tools before I invest district resources. Contracts with vendors are costly but also take a large part of my time to administer.

Enter Wisconsin Media Lab and BadgerLink. These resources provide go-to, high-powered, standards-connected offerings including Britannica School, Soundzabound, and I tell anyone who will listen that if we didn’t live in Wisconsin, our school district would have to pay to access these powerful resources.
Britannica School is an online encyclopedia and is fabulous for my students’ research needs. Students can have an article read to them and also has the ability to click on a word they don’t know and get the definition. Britannica is rich with topics and the search features allow students to look for animal pictures and videos. Students LOVE THIS. 
Soundzabound provides royalty free music and sound effects. This resource simplifies my copyright-related educational goals. Pointing students to Soundzabound opens a discussion on citing sources. Students like that this source requires neither permission nor fees. provides multimedia on K-12 fiction and non-fiction books. I’ve been rescued more than once by when looking for literature-related content. For students who want to go deeper with their favorite author, teachers who need inspiration with a certain title, or a librarian who wants correctly pronounce an author’s name – delivers.
The good news is that BadgerLink and Wisconsin Media Lab has information on almost every subject. The bad news is that, for a variety of reasons, it's hard to promote tools you don’t pay for. After reading Doug Johnson’s blog article “Why your library's digital resources go unused and a golden opportunity,” I’ve decided that aggressive use of BadgerLink and Wisconsin Media Lab is my best promotion tool.

I deliver the sources straight to students through direct teaching and THEN share news of success with their teachers. Because I have BadgerLink linked in my catalog, searching for print and online resources has become seamless. It just makes sense to my students, and me, to learn from print, electronic files, and visuals in one place. After all, free is only a good deal if easy is part of the bargain.

Guest Post Written by:
Marcia Dressel, Osceola School District

Wednesday, February 17, 2016

Fifty Years of Public Libraries in the DPI

Library Development Duties Transferred to DPI in 1965

After 70 Years Under the Free Library Commission

Before we get too far into 2016, we should take time to recognize that we are in the fiftieth year of the Department of Public Instruction (DPI) providing support for statewide public library development and services. We should also look back to the final years of Wisconsin's Free Library Commission, when public library development services in Wisconsin were...

"State Library" on window over 306E in Wisconsin State Capitol
The Free Library Commission
had offices in the State Capitol
for seventy years. These offices
in 306E now house members of
 the Joint Committee on Finance.

Under the Gun

By the early 1960s, several factors were at play that affected the future of Wisconsin's Free Library Commission (FLC). One was a desire in the legislature, particularly in the joint Finance Committee, to reduce the number of separate state agencies either through merger (making some sub-units of others), or elimination. In the mid-1950s, a proposal by the Special Taxpayers Committee on the State Budget recommended that the Free Library Commission be eliminated, suggesting that it had accomplished its purpose of promoting the growth of public libraries. The library community responded that the services and coordination were essential, and noted that over 800,000 citizens, 23% of the state's population, were without access to a public library. A path was already being sought by the FLC and WLA to extend the reach of library services through legislative initiatives begun in the previous decade, as outlined in the 1949 "Wisconsin-Wide Idea for Voluntary Education through Reading," proposing:
  1. The strengthening of existing local community library service so that it becomes of educational consequence to the people commensurate with the educational services of public schools and university and a needed, ever-present supplement to them...,
  2. Drawing libraries into voluntary, cooperative that through federation and cooperative pooling and exchange of services there may be gains in efficiency and economy without loss of local control in local service and policy, and
  3. photo of Janice Kee, holding book in Free Library Commission office
    Janice Kee, last secretary of the
    Wisconsin Free Library Commission
  4. State assistance in planning the formation of these more effective county and regional federations and later in helping finance some of their overhead, non-local and foundational costs.
Although the library communities' continued efforts for state aid did not gain traction in the legislature during the 1950s and early '60s, the efforts by others to reduce the number of state agencies in Wisconsin continued and bore fruit. In the spring of 1965, legislation removed some of the duties of the FLC, and changed its name to the Wisconsin Library Commission. And a few months later, Chapter 150, Laws of 1965 (effective July 24, 1965) eliminated the Commission altogether, moving the administration of public libraries into the Department of Public Instruction, as the new Division for Libraries. 

Secretary Janice Kee, in her final memorandum to the public librarians in Wisconsin, dated August 18, 1965, said:
A Special Mailing to all public libraries is being prepared this week, and you will find in it a summary of a new state law which I hope you will read carefully. This law abolishes the Wisconsin Library Commission and recreates it as a Division For Library Services in the Department of Public Instruction.  This act of the legislature represents another step in a long-term program of reducing the number of separate state agencies from over seventy to a smaller number (a goal of twenty is frequently mentioned).

In the same memo, Ms. Kee (having already announced her departure from Wisconsin to serve on the faculty of the Graduate Library School of the Kansas State Teachers College) expressed those changes to the public library directors with perhaps some apprehension:
In the long view, this reorganization of the Commission appears to be a step in the right direction. If this is so, local librarians from all types of libraries will need to understand the new set-up and to support the new Director of the Division for Library Services and the state-wide goals indicated in the new law.
picture of W. Lyle Eberhart
W. Lyle Eberhart, from the
Wisconsin Library Bulletin,
vol. 62 no. 4, Jy-Aug 1966

Richard Wolpert, director Reference and Loan Library
Richard Wolfert, first direc-
tor of the Reference and
Loan Library, 1966
W. Lyle Eberhart, a consultant in the FLC, was appointed as the Director of the Division for Library Services, a new position appointed by the superintendent of public instruction defined under s. 43.10(1) to be "...under the classified service a professionally trained and suitability qualified library administrator as assistant superintendent who shall serve as director of a division for library services...." Mr. Eberhart served as director through the 1970s during the formation of library systems.

The director of the FLC's Travelling Library Service, Richard Wolfert, was appointed director of the new Reference and Loan Library. He left shortly thereafter to become director of the Bismark Public Library, and then, in 1969, North Dakota's State Librarian.

The next four years involved considerable coordinated work with the Wisconsin Library Association, the library community, and the legislature to achieve passage of Wisconsin's library system law, Chapter 152, laws of 1971-- perhaps the most notable achievement in Wisconsin public library service since the formation of the Free Library Commission. But that's another story.

Written by:
John DeBacher, Public Library Development Team

Tuesday, February 16, 2016

A Peek at 2015 Wireless Internet Data

Internet Computer and Wi-Fi Uses at Wisconsin Public Libraries That Reported Both StatisticsLast year, we graphed wireless Internet data as libraries entered their 2014 annual reports. That early look closely resembled the final data, so we're peeking at report data-in-progress again this year.

So far, 95 libraries have reported both uses of wireless Internet access and uses of public Internet-connected computers for 2013, 2014, and 2015. At those libraries, 2015 wi-fi uses were 71% more than uses of Internet computers. By comparison, those same libraries saw 2014 wi-fi uses that were 16% more than uses of their Internet computers.

The 95 libraries are located in 12 of the state's 17 regional library systems. The resident population of the libraries' municipality ranges from a few hundred to nearly 100,000 in rural, town, suburb, and city locales.

Although PCs are not likely to disappear from Wisconsin public libraries, uses of Internet computers continued to decrease at roughly the same rate in 2015 as 2014 and 2013.

Written by
Jamie McCanless, Public Library Development Team

Thursday, February 11, 2016

Library of the Month: Schreiner Memorial Library

This past fall, the Schreiner Memorial Library in Lancaster finally saw the completion of a renovation project that was 10 years in the making.  The BadgerLink team is highlighting the Schreiner Memorial Library as February’s Library of the Month as both congratulations for the new library and recognition of the patience and work that went into making the project happen!

Recent photo of the Schreiner Memorial Library
Recent photo of the renovated Schreiner Memorial Library

Lancaster has Grant County’s first public library, started in 1902 by the Lancaster Women’s Club. In 1911, the library moved from its downtown location to a house on Ryland Park donated to the City by George Ryland for the specific purpose of housing the town’s library. In 1957, that house was replaced by a new library built in the prairie style made popular by Frank Lloyd Wright. Funds for that library building were largely donated by Emma Schreiner, a long-time library board member and library supporter. The new library was named after her and has since been known as the Schreiner Memorial Library. There was an addition in 1982, and more recently a major renovation and expansion which was completed in the fall of 2015.

The recently completed building project was in the works for well over 10 years. The library board officially announced their plan for a new library in 2005 and started work toward that goal. The first iteration of the library included a coffee shop, the Chamber of Commerce Offices, and the Grant County Historical Society in a large two story building with a price tag of just over $6 million. Fundraising had just started in 2008 when the economy took a downturn and money stopped coming in. The project was then put on hold. In 2012, Durrant Architects was dissolved and the project went to FEH Design, who helped trim the project back to just include the essential library facility expansion and the outdoor band shell, which will be used (among others) by the Community Band for their summer concerts. The new price tag was $3.6 million, and fundraising began again. The City of Lancaster pledged $1 million and to date, the Lancaster Public Library Foundation has raised over $2 million in private pledges and donations to fund the building.

Board Members, Library Staff, City Council Members, the Mayor of Lancaster, State Senator & Representative,and members of the Lancaster Public Library Foundation all participated in the ribbon-cutting in September.
Board Members, Library Staff, City Council Members, the Mayor of Lancaster, State Senator & Representative, and members of the Lancaster Public Library Foundation all participated in the ribbon-cutting in September.

Since the renovation and expansion meant taking down ¾ of the building, the library moved the whole collection and all furnishings into a vacant building which was owned by the City and was previously a furniture store. From May 2014 to September 2015, 75% of the library’s collection was in storage and there was no programming space and limited computer access.  The library was moved to and from that temporary facility entirely by the library staff and a large contingent of supportive volunteers including the local high school sports teams who hauled a majority of the boxed books, young children who carried the board book collection the three blocks in their wagons, and many many more.

The newly renovated and expanded Schreiner Memorial Library has over 10,000 square feet on the main floor. It has an 87-person Community Room which can be split in half, and it includes a kitchen. There are built in display cases for the Historical Society and for a rotating art collection.

Circulation and visitor counts in the four months of operation have more than doubled the numbers from previous years, and programming opportunities have been exponentially higher now that there’s a dedicated space for programs and events.  The library has continued many of its popular programs and services and looks forward to more collaborations like the WIC (Women, Infant, and Child) Clinics that now take place each month right inside the library.

Congratulations are in order for the Schreiner Memorial Library, for the Lancaster community, and for all those involved in the building project!

Written By:
Jennifer Bernetzke, Director of the Schreiner Memorial Library

Gail Murray, Resources for Libraries & Lifelong Learning

Wednesday, February 10, 2016

LitFinder Has a New Look!

Beginning in January, LitFinder has transitioned to a mobile-responsive interface, with enhanced features. The content remains the same, as well as the ways you search. Here is a summary of the recent changes:

  • Google Drive Integration: From the LitFinder Homepage, users can seamlessly login with their Google Apps for Education account to access tools like Google Drive and Docs Learn more
  • Mobile Responsive Design: New look and feel is optimized for all screen sizes, regardless of device
  • Improved Navigation: Content featured in prime locations with toolbars and filters on the right
  • Enhanced Accessibility: High-contrast banners and improved tool buttons make content easier to locate
The former LitFinder interface
The former LitFinder interface

The updated LitFinder interface
The updated LitFinder interface

Explore the new interface here, and please get in touch if you have any questions!

Written by:
Elizabeth Neuman, Resources for Libraries and Lifelong Learning

Tuesday, February 9, 2016

ILL and Document Delivery

For those unfamiliar with Resource Sharing, an important part of this service involves Document Delivery. Full text scholarly journal articles are rarely freely available online. They live behind pay walls that make these articles inaccessible without a subscription. With increased visibility online, patrons are easily finding citations, but are unable to obtain the article. A single article can cost anywhere between $30-$50. Enter Interlibrary Loan. Patrons can create an ILL request for a photocopy of an article through their local library – all at no direct cost to them. Provided the photocopy complies with copyright law, articles are sent via OCLC’s Article Exchange or via PDF email attachment. In many cases turnaround time is 48 hours.

This service supports many diverse individuals and institutions in our communities. It helps students succeed, small businesses to grow and create new jobs, supports research in state agencies and more. From a few satisfied customers…

The Wisconsin Indianhead Technical College:
WITC logo

“Wow! I have to tell you I have had incredible luck getting these requests filled. I can say that out of the last 50 requests I have had one turned down. That is amazing!

Thank you for this incredible service you provide for our students.”

 The Eastern Shores Bookmobile

"I'm Chris, an R&D Chemist at a Wisconsin plastics company. When I started working there 8 years ago, the company had 56 employees. Now we have over 600. Part of that success is due to the development of new
products, which is my job. The most important tool I have for new product development is my library card.

Over the years I have acquired many primary literature articles through interlibrary loan through the
Eastern Shores Bookmobile.
Using that data as a foundation for my research, my company has filed for several patents and created hundreds of professional jobs during one of the worst recessions in America's history. Knowledge is power, and your library card is the key; all you need to do is find your lock."

Green Bay West High School 

Green Bay West Logo

"Our students are completing internal assessments for International Baccalaureate and the extended essay. The assignments range across the curriculum.
We would not be able to support their research without ordering articles full text through interlibrary loan. We REALLY appreciate this service.
Thanks so much!"

Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources  
Wisconsin DNR Logo

“Thanks very much for the quick acquisition of these studies. Great work as always. We certainly appreciate it.”

Written by:  Christine Barth
                    Resources for Libraries & Lifelong Learning

Thursday, February 4, 2016

Get involved in the Public Library System Redesign process!

Guest post by Project Manager, WiLS

WiLS, Expanding Possibilities through Collaboration
WiLS, as project managers for the Public Library System Redesign (PLSR) process, is recruiting volunteers to join the service workgroups. If you are interested in serving on a workgroup, please fill out an application form by Friday, February 12. We also encourage you to share this call for PLSR service workgroup members with others you think would be good candidates. You may also suggest a person via the application form.  

The service workgroups will:
  • Evaluate information about existing models for the service in-state and out-of-state.
  • Assist with creating recommendations for new models of service. 
  • Assist with developing and evaluating pilot projects.  
The nine workgroups are: 
  • Continuing education  
  • Chapter 43
  • Consulting
  • Delivery
  • Electronic Resources
  • ILL
  • ILS/Discovery
  • Resource libraries
  • Technology
Each workgroup will be composed of service area experts, users, and other stakeholders from both within and outside the Wisconsin library community. Workgroup members will be expected to make a 2-3 year commitment to the process, with work expected to start in May of this year. Each workgroup will have a different schedule for completing their work, with some workgroups expected to continue throughout the entire 2-3 year process and others expected to be done with their work sooner. The time needed to fulfill these roles will vary by workgroup. 

The pool of candidates will be reviewed and discussed by project workgroup leadership teams at their meeting on March 10 to determine the best composition for each workgroup. Based on the input from the workgroup teams (workgroup lead, facilitator, DPI liaison, PLSR Steering Committee liaison, and project manager), the workgroup lead, facilitator, and project manager will determine final selections for each workgroup by March 21.  

You can send any questions you have about being a workgroup member to

Thank you!

Written by:
Project Manager, WiLS

Wednesday, February 3, 2016

Wisconsin Digital Archives Collection Connection : Impact of Smoking in Wisconsin

No smoking sign.
Courtesy of Pixabay
Nearly a million Wisconsinites were cigarette smokers during 2012, including approximately 43,000 youth, making cigarette smoking an ongoing health and economic burden for the state of Wisconsin.

The Wisconsin Tobacco Prevention and Control Program at the Dept. of Health Services provides programs and policies aimed at preventing and reducing the number of people who smoke cigarettes in an effort to reduce the burden associated with smoking. Information on effective tobacco prevention and control programs and conducts regular surveillance of tobacco use trends, evaluation of current programs, and information sharing between people and organizations trying to eliminate the death and disease caused by tobacco use are available on the program website.

For more information and statistics about how smoking impacts Wisconsinites, visit the Wisconsin Digital Archives to view these reports:
Written by:
Abby Swanton, Resources for Libraries and Lifelong Learning

Tuesday, February 2, 2016

WISCAT Union Catalog - Still Serving Wisconsin Libraries

This post is the first part of a two part series about the WISCAT union catalog
Read part two

Why a Union Catalog?

Over thirty years ago the WISCAT union catalog was created as a "resource sharing tool for Wisconsin libraries of all types and sizes to locate materials for interlibrary loan, as well as a cost effective method by which libraries can convert their collections to the MARC bibliographic standard for use as the basis of local automation projects." 

image of a card catalo
Card Catalog (source: Pixabay)
Interlibrary loan then and now relies on the ability to discover what is owned in libraries' collections. Discovery was more difficult in the early 1980s when many libraries still had card catalogs and no World Wide Web service was available. 

An OCLC subscription for access to MARC records and interlibrary loan was usually also beyond the budgets of individual mid-sized to small libraries. Therefore, creation of the WISCAT Union Catalog was recommended to pool together the holdings information of many Wisconsin libraries to make it easier to discover what they owned, for more libraries to participate in resource sharing, and to obtain MARC records for their local computer catalogs. By 2004 the WISCAT union catalog records represented the holdings of 1,209 Wisconsin libraries (419 public, 118 academic, 533 school, and 125 special libraries).

image of school library and computers
School Library (source: Pixabay)
Today, the union catalog continues to be a useful and affordable tool for many, often smaller sized Wisconsin libraries including five public libraries. More than 600 Wisconsin libraries of all types have holdings information on the union catalog records. The union catalog enables discovery of their collections and participation in resource sharing if desired.  Twenty five percent of these libraries are currently participating in interlibrary loan in WISCAT. 

Through the decades, most libraries have completed the move to computer catalogs and made them accessible for searching online via the Web. Since 2002, when WISCAT became Z39.50 compliant, remote connections have been made to a growing number of Z39.50 compatible Wisconsin libraries' catalogs. These libraries' holdings are removed from union catalog records because their own catalogs are searched by WISCAT. Currently, 69 catalogs representing the collections of 622 Wisconsin libraries of all types and sizes may be searched simultaneously in WISCAT along with the union catalog.  Search results are merged for user display.  The WISCAT interlibrary loan system also searches all the catalogs behind the scene to build the lender list when an interlibrary loan request is created.

Related Reading

These are the good old days, a guest post by Charles Clemence of the Winding Rivers Library System (August 6, 2015) is a first-hand recollection of working with WISCAT as the resource sharing tool changed over time, shifting from microfiche to CD-ROM to computer software and then to an online Web platform

Written by:
Vickie Long, Resources for Libraries & Lifelong Learning team